Reading

Standards are provided for each Reading Test score range (except for the 1–12 range) along a score scale that is common to:

View or print the set of Reading Standards on two 8-1/2 x 11 pages (PDF).

Please note that the College Readiness Standards for Reading also include Descriptions of Reading Passages, which clarify the kinds of passages referred to in the Standards.

  Score Range
13–15
Score Range
16–19
Score Range
20–23
Score Range
24–27
Score Range
28–32
Score Range
33–36
Main Ideas and Author's Approach Recognize a clear intent of an author or narrator in uncomplicated literary narratives

Identify a clear main idea or purpose of straightforward paragraphs in uncomplicated literary narratives

Infer the main idea or purpose of straightforward paragraphs in uncomplicated literary narratives

Understand the overall approach taken by an author or narrator (e.g., point of view, kinds of evidence used) in uncomplicated passages

Identify a clear main idea or purpose of any paragraph or paragraphs in uncomplicated passages

Infer the main idea or purpose of straightforward paragraphs in more challenging passages

Summarize basic events and ideas in more challenging passages

Understand the overall approach taken by an author or narrator (e.g., point of view, kinds of evidence used) in more challenging passages

Infer the main idea or purpose of more challenging passages or their paragraphs

Summarize events and ideas in virtually any passage

Understand the overall approach taken by an author or narrator (e.g., point of view, kinds of evidence used) in virtually any passage

Identify clear main ideas or purposes of complex passages or their paragraphs
Supporting Details Locate basic facts (e.g., names, dates, events) clearly stated in a passage

Locate simple details at the sentence and paragraph level in uncomplicated passages

Recognize a clear function of a part of an uncomplicated passage

Locate important details in uncomplicated passages

Make simple inferences about how details are used in passages

Locate important details in more challenging passages

Locate and interpret minor or subtly stated details in uncomplicated passages

Discern which details, though they may appear in different sections throughout a passage, support important points in more challenging passages

Locate and interpret minor or subtly stated details in more challenging passages

Use details from different sections of some complex informational passages to support a specific point or argument

Locate and interpret details in complex passages

Understand the function of a part of a passage when the function is subtle or complex

  Score Range
13–15
Score Range
16–19
Score Range
20–23
Score Range
24–27
Score Range
28–32
Score Range
33–36
Sequential, Comparative, and Cause-Effect Relationships

Determine when (e.g., first, last, before, after) or if an event occurred in uncomplicated passages

Recognize clear cause-effect relationships described within a single sentence in a passage

Identify relationships between main characters in uncomplicated literary narratives

Recognize clear cause-effect relationships within a single paragraph in uncomplicated literary narratives

Order simple sequences of events in uncomplicated literary narratives

Identify clear relationships between people, ideas, and so on in uncomplicated passages

Identify clear cause-effect relationships in uncomplicated passages

Order sequences of events in uncomplicated passages

Understand relationships between people, ideas, and so on in uncomplicated passages

Identify clear relationships between characters, ideas, and so on in more challenging literary narratives

Understand implied or subtly stated cause-effect relationships in uncomplicated passages

Identify clear cause-effect relationships in more challenging passages

Order sequences of events in more challenging passages

Understand the dynamics between people, ideas, and so on in more challenging passages

Understand implied or subtly stated cause-effect relationships in more challenging passages

Order sequences of events in complex passages

Understand the subtleties in relationships between people, ideas, and so on in virtually any passage

Understand implied, subtle, or complex cause-effect relationships in virtually any passage

Meanings of Words Understand the implication of a familiar word or phrase and of simple descriptive language Use context to understand basic figurative language Use context to determine the appropriate meaning of some figurative and nonfigurative words, phrases, and statements in uncomplicated passages

Use context to determine the appropriate meaning of virtually any word, phrase, or statement in uncomplicated passages

Use context to determine the appropriate meaning of some figurative and nonfigurative words, phrases, and statements in more challenging passages

Determine the appropriate meaning of words, phrases, or statements from figurative or somewhat technical contexts Determine, even when the language is richly figurative and the vocabulary is difficult, the appropriate meaning of context-dependent words, phrases, or statements in virtually any passage
  Score Range
13–15
Score Range
16–19
Score Range
20–23
Score Range
24–27
Score Range
28–32
Score Range
33–36
Generalizations and Conclusions Draw simple generalizations and conclusions about the main characters in uncomplicated literary narratives Draw simple generalizations and conclusions about people, ideas, and so on in uncomplicated passages

Draw generalizations and conclusions about people, ideas, and so on in uncomplicated passages

Draw simple generalizations and conclusions using details that support the main points of more challenging passages

Draw subtle generalizations and conclusions about characters, ideas, and so on in uncomplicated literary narratives

Draw generalizations and conclusions about people, ideas, and so on in more challenging passages

Use information from one or more sections of a more challenging passage to draw generalizations and conclusions about people, ideas, and so on

Draw complex or subtle generalizations and conclusions about people, ideas, and so on, often by synthesizing information from different portions of the passage

Understand and generalize about portions of a complex literary narrative

Ideas for Progress
Score Range
1–12
Ideas for Progress
Score Range
13–15
Ideas for Progress
Score Range
16–19
Ideas for Progress
Score Range
20–23
Ideas for Progress
Score Range
24–27
Ideas for Progress
Score Range
28–32
 

Notes:

  • Students who score in the 1–12 range are most likely beginning to develop the knowledge and skills assessed in the other ranges.
  • Standards for the 28–32 range are specific to PLAN and the ACT while the Standards for the 33–36 range pertain to the ACT only.
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