Reading

Note:

  • Standards are provided for each Reading Test score range except the 1–12 range. Students who score in the 1–12 range are most likely beginning to develop the knowledge and skills assessed in the other ranges.
  • Updates to the Standards in 2014 include:
    • edits for consistency, concision, and clarity and to align specific skills to the Text Complexity Rubric
    • additions to include specific skills in multiple score ranges and to emphasize specific skills
    • new titles
  • Side-by-side comparisons of the 2014 ACT College and Career Readiness Standards and the 2005 ACT College Readiness Standards can be seen by selecting “View changes.” In the popup windows, each standard is identified by a strand abbreviation and number. For example, the first standard in Close Reading (CLR) is CLR 201.

View or print the set of Reading Standards (PDF, 21 pages)

Key Ideas and Details

  Score Range
13–15
Score Range
16–19
Score Range
20–23
Score Range
24–27
Score Range
28–32
Score Range
33–36
Close Reading (CLR)

CLR 201. Locate basic facts (e.g., names, dates, events) clearly stated in a passage

CLR 202. Draw simple logical conclusions about the main characters in somewhat challenging literary narratives

CLR 301. Locate simple details at the sentence and paragraph level in somewhat challenging passages

CLR 302. Draw simple logical conclusions in somewhat challenging passages

CLR 401. Locate important details in somewhat challenging passages

CLR 402. Draw logical conclusions in somewhat challenging passages

CLR 403. Draw simple logical conclusions in more challenging passages

CLR 404. Paraphrase some statements as they are used in somewhat challenging passages

CLR 501. Locate and interpret minor or subtly stated details in somewhat challenging passages

CLR 502. Locate important details in more challenging passages

CLR 503. Draw subtle logical conclusions in somewhat challenging passages

CLR 504. Draw logical conclusions in more challenging passages

CLR 505. Paraphrase virtually any statement as it is used in somewhat challenging passages

CLR 506. Paraphrase some statements as they are used in more challenging passages

CLR 601. Locate and interpret minor or subtly stated details in more challenging passages

CLR 602. Locate important details in complex passages

CLR 603. Draw subtle logical conclusions in more challenging passages

CLR 604. Draw simple logical conclusions in complex passages

CLR 605. Paraphrase virtually any statement as it is used in more challenging passages

CLR 701. Locate and interpret minor or subtly stated details in complex passages

CLR 702. Locate important details in highly complex passages

CLR 703. Draw logical conclusions in complex passages

CLR 704. Draw simple logical conclusions in highly complex passages

CLR 705. Draw complex or subtle logical conclusions, often by synthesizing information from different portions of the passage

CLR 706. Paraphrase statements as they are used in complex passages

Central Ideas, Themes, and Summaries (IDT)

IDT 201. Identify the topic of passages and distinguish the topic from the central idea or theme

IDT 301. Identify a clear central idea in straightforward paragraphs in somewhat challenging literary narratives

IDT 401. Infer a central idea in straightforward paragraphs in somewhat challenging literary narratives

IDT 402. Identify a clear central idea or theme in somewhat challenging passages or their paragraphs

IDT 403. Summarize key supporting ideas and details in somewhat challenging passages

IDT 501. Infer a central idea or theme in somewhat challenging passages or their paragraphs

IDT 502. Identify a clear central idea or theme in more challenging passages or their paragraphs

IDT 503. Summarize key supporting ideas and details in more challenging passages

IDT 601. Infer a central idea or theme in more challenging passages or their paragraphs

IDT 602. Summarize key supporting ideas and details in complex passages

IDT 701. Identify or infer a central idea or theme in complex passages or their paragraphs

IDT 702. Summarize key supporting ideas and details in highly complex passages

Relationships (REL)

REL 201. Determine when (e.g., first, last, before, after) an event occurs in somewhat challenging passages

REL 202. Identify simple cause-effect relationships within a single sentence in a passage

REL 301. Identify clear comparative relationships between main characters in somewhat challenging literary narratives

REL 302. Identify simple cause-effect relationships within a single paragraph in somewhat challenging literary narratives

REL 401. Order simple sequences of events in somewhat challenging literary narratives

REL 402. Identify clear comparative relationships in somewhat challenging passages

REL 403. Identify clear cause-effect relationships in somewhat challenging passages

REL 501. Order sequences of events in somewhat challenging passages

REL 502. Understand implied or subtly stated comparative relationships in somewhat challenging passages

REL 503. Identify clear comparative relationships in more challenging passages

REL 504. Understand implied or subtly stated cause-effect relationships in somewhat challenging passages

REL 505. Identify clear cause-effect relationships in more challenging passages

REL 601. Order sequences of events in more challenging passages

REL 602. Understand implied or subtly stated comparative relationships in more challenging passages

REL 603. Identify clear comparative relationships in complex passages

REL 604. Understand implied or subtly stated cause-effect relationships in more challenging passages

REL 605. Identify clear cause-effect relationships in complex passages

REL 701. Order sequences of events in complex passages

REL 702. Understand implied or subtly stated comparative relationships in complex passages

REL 703. Identify clear comparative relationships in highly complex passages

REL 704. Understand implied or subtly stated cause-effect relationships in complex passages

REL 705. Identify clear cause-effect relationships in highly complex passages

Craft and Structure

  Score Range
13–15
Score Range
16–19
Score Range
20–23
Score Range
24–27
Score Range
28–32
Score Range
33–36
Word Meanings and Word Choice (WME)

WME 201. Understand the implication of a familiar word or phrase and of simple descriptive language

WME 301. Analyze how the choice of a specific word or phrase shapes meaning or tone in somewhat challenging passages when the effect is simple

WME 302. Interpret basic figurative language as it is used in a passage

WME 401. Analyze how the choice of a specific word or phrase shapes meaning or tone in somewhat challenging passages

WME 402. Interpret most words and phrases as they are used in somewhat challenging passages, including determining technical, connotative, and figurative meanings

WME 501. Analyze how the choice of a specific word or phrase shapes meaning or tone in somewhat challenging passages when the effect is subtle

WME 502. Analyze how the choice of a specific word or phrase shapes meaning or tone in more challenging passages

WME 503. Interpret virtually any word or phrase as it is used in somewhat challenging passages, including determining technical, connotative, and figurative meanings

WME 504. Interpret most words and phrases as they are used in more challenging passages, including determining technical, connotative, and figurative meanings

WME 601. Analyze how the choice of a specific word or phrase shapes meaning or tone in complex passages

WME 602. Interpret virtually any word or phrase as it is used in more challenging passages, including determining technical, connotative, and figurative meanings

WME 603. Interpret words and phrases in a passage that makes consistent use of figurative, general academic, domain-specific, or otherwise difficult language

WME 701. Analyze how the choice of a specific word or phrase shapes meaning or tone in passages when the effect is subtle or complex

WME 702. Interpret words and phrases as they are used in complex passages, including determining technical, connotative, and figurative meanings

WME 703. Interpret words and phrases in a passage that makes extensive use of figurative, general academic, domain-specific, or otherwise difficult language

Text Structure (TST)

TST 201. Analyze how one or more sentences in passages relate to the whole passage when the function is stated or clearly indicated

TST 301. Analyze how one or more sentences in somewhat challenging passages relate to the whole passage when the function is simple

TST 302. Identify a clear function of straightforward paragraphs in somewhat challenging literary narratives

TST 401. Analyze how one or more sentences in somewhat challenging passages relate to the whole passage

TST 402. Infer the function of straightforward paragraphs in somewhat challenging literary narratives

TST 403. Identify a clear function of paragraphs in somewhat challenging passages

TST 404. Analyze the overall structure of somewhat challenging passages

TST 501. Analyze how one or more sentences in somewhat challenging passages relate to the whole passage when the function is subtle

TST 502. Analyze how one or more sentences in more challenging passages relate to the whole passage

TST 503. Infer the function of paragraphs in somewhat challenging passages

TST 504. Identify a clear function of paragraphs in more challenging passages

TST 505. Analyze the overall structure of more challenging passages

TST 601. Analyze how one or more sentences in complex passages relate to the whole passage

TST 602. Infer the function of paragraphs in more challenging passages

TST 603. Analyze the overall structure of complex passages

TST 701. Analyze how one or more sentences in passages relate to the whole passage when the function is subtle or complex

TST 702. Identify or infer the function of paragraphs in complex passages

TST 703. Analyze the overall structure of highly complex passages

Purpose and Point of View (PPV)

PPV 201. Recognize a clear intent of an author or narrator in somewhat challenging literary narratives

PPV 301. Recognize a clear intent of an author or narrator in somewhat challenging passages

PPV 401. Identify a clear purpose of somewhat challenging passages and how that purpose shapes content and style

PPV 402. Understand point of view in somewhat challenging passages

PPV 501. Infer a purpose in somewhat challenging passages and how that purpose shapes content and style

PPV 502. Identify a clear purpose of more challenging passages and how that purpose shapes content and style

PPV 503. Understand point of view in more challenging passages

PPV 601. Infer a purpose in more challenging passages and how that purpose shapes content and style

PPV 602. Understand point of view in complex passages

PPV 701. Identify or infer a purpose in complex passages and how that purpose shapes content and style

PPV 702. Understand point of view in highly complex passages

Integration of Knowledge and Ideas

  Score Range
13–15
Score Range
16–19
Score Range
20–23
Score Range
24–27
Score Range
28–32
Score Range
33–36
Arguments (ARG)

ARG 201. Analyze how one or more sentences in passages offer reasons for or support a claim when the relationship is clearly indicated

ARG 301. Analyze how one or more sentences in somewhat challenging passages offer reasons for or support a claim when the relationship is simple

ARG 401. Analyze how one or more sentences in somewhat challenging passages offer reasons for or support a claim

ARG 402. Identify a clear central claim in somewhat challenging passages

ARG 501. Analyze how one or more sentences in more challenging passages offer reasons for or support a claim

ARG 502. Infer a central claim in somewhat challenging passages

ARG 503. Identify a clear central claim in more challenging passages

ARG 601. Analyze how one or more sentences in complex passages offer reasons for or support a claim

ARG 602. Infer a central claim in more challenging passages

ARG 701. Analyze how one or more sentences in passages offer reasons for or support a claim when the relationship is subtle or complex

ARG 702. Identify or infer a central claim in complex passages

ARG 703. Identify a clear central claim in highly complex passages

Multiple Texts (SYN)

SYN 201. Make simple comparisons between two passages

SYN 301. Make straightforward comparisons between two passages

SYN 401. Draw logical conclusions using information from two literary narratives

SYN 501. Draw logical conclusions using information from two informational texts

SYN 601. Draw logical conclusions using information from multiple portions of two literary narratives

SYN 701. Draw logical conclusions using information from multiple portions of two informational texts

Ideas for Progress
Score Range 1–12
Ideas for Progress
Score Range 13–15
Ideas for Progress
Score Range 16–19
Ideas for Progress
Score Range 20–23
Ideas for Progress
Score Range 24–27
Ideas for Progress
Score Range 28–32
 

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