Science

Standards are provided for each Science Test score range (except for the 1–12 range) along a score scale that is common to:

View or print the set of Science Standards on one 8-1/2 x 11 page (PDF).

  Score Range
13–15
Score Range
16–19
Score Range
20–23
Score Range
24–27
Score Range
28–32
Score Range
33–36
Interpretation
of Data

Select a single piece of data (numerical or nonnumerical) from a simple data presentation (e.g., a table or graph with two or three variables; a food web diagram)

Identify basic features of a table, graph, or diagram (e.g., headings, units of measurement, axis labels)

Select two or more pieces of data from a simple data presentation

Understand basic scientific terminology

Find basic information in a brief body of text

Determine how the value of one variable changes as the value of another variable changes in a simple data presentation

Select data from a complex data presentation (e.g., a table or graph with more than three variables; a phase diagram)

Compare or combine data from a simple data presentation (e.g., order or sum data from a table)

Translate information into a table, graph, or diagram

Compare or combine data from two or more simple data presentations (e.g., categorize data from a table using a scale from another table)

Compare or combine data from a complex data presentation

Interpolate between data points in a table or graph

Determine how the value of one variable changes as the value of another variable changes in a complex data presentation

Identify and/or use a simple (e.g., linear) mathematical relationship between data

Analyze given information when presented with new, simple information

Compare or combine data from a simple data presentation with data from a complex data presentation

Identify and/or use a complex (e.g., nonlinear) mathematical relationship between data

Extrapolate from data points in a table or graph

Compare or combine data from two or more complex data presentations

Analyze given information when presented with new, complex information

Scientific Investigation   Understand the methods and tools used in a simple experiment

Understand the methods and tools used in a moderately complex experiment

Understand a simple experimental design

Identify a control in an experiment

Identify similarities and differences between experiments

Understand the methods and tools used in a complex experiment

Understand a complex experimental design

Predict the results of an additional trial or measurement in an experiment

Determine the experimental conditions that would produce specified results

Determine the hypothesis for an experiment

Identify an alternate method for testing a hypothesis

Understand precision and accuracy issues

Predict how modifying the design or methods of an experiment will affect results

Identify an additional trial or experiment that could be performed to enhance or evaluate experimental results

Evaluation of Models, Inferences, and Experimental Results    

Select a simple hypothesis, prediction, or conclusion that is supported by a data presentation or a model

Identify key issues or assumptions in a model

Select a simple hypothesis, prediction, or conclusion that is supported by two or more data presentations or models

Determine whether given information supports or contradicts a simple hypothesis or conclusion, and why

Identify strengths and weaknesses in one or more models

Identify similarities and differences between models

Determine which model(s) is(are) supported or weakened by new information

Select a data presentation or a model that supports or contradicts a hypothesis, prediction, or conclusion

Select a complex hypothesis, prediction, or conclusion that is supported by a data presentation or model

Determine whether new information supports or weakens a model, and why

Use new information to make a prediction based on a model

Select a complex hypothesis, prediction, or conclusion that is supported by two or more data presentations or models

Determine whether given information supports or contradicts a complex hypothesis or conclusion, and why

Ideas for Progress
Score Range
1–12
Ideas for Progress
Score Range
13–15
Ideas for Progress
Score Range
16–19
Ideas for Progress
Score Range
20–23
Ideas for Progress
Score Range
24–27
Ideas for Progress
Score Range
28–32
 

Notes:

  • Students who score in the 1–12 range are most likely beginning to develop the knowledge and skills assessed in the other ranges.
  • Standards for the 28–32 range are specific to PLAN and the ACT while the Standards for the 33–36 range pertain to the ACT only.
  • If you choose to print this page, use Landscape orientation for best results.

Science College Readiness Standards are measured in the context of science topics students encounter in science courses. These topics may include:

Life Science/Biology

  • Animal behavior
  • Animal development and growth
  • Body systems
  • Cell structure and processes
  • Ecology
  • Evolution
  • Genetics
  • Homeostasis
  • Life cycles
  • Molecular basis of heredity
  • Origin of life
  • Photosynthesis
  • Plant development, growth, structure
  • Populations
  • Taxonomy

Physical Science/Chemistry, Physics

  • Atomic structure
  • Chemical bonding, equations, nomenclature, reactions
  • Electrical circuits
  • Elements, compounds, mixtures
  • Force and motion
  • Gravitation
  • Heat and work
  • Kinetic and potential energy
  • Magnetism
  • Momentum
  • The Periodic Table
  • Properties of solutions
  • Sound and light
  • States, classes, and properties of matter
  • Waves

Earth and Space Science

  • Earthquakes and volcanoes
  • Earth's atmosphere
  • Earth's resources
  • Fossils and geologic time
  • Geochemical cycles
  • Groundwater
  • Lakes, rivers, oceans
  • Mass movements
  • Plate tectonics
  • Rocks, minerals
  • Solar system
  • Stars, galaxies, and the universe
  • Water cycle
  • Weather and climate
  • Weathering and erosion